The decisions that we make are often affected by bias. This is called Conscious and Unconscious Bias. It can have an effect on our ethical and professional behaviour towards others.
Bias is defined as any tendency which prevents unprejudiced consideration of a question. Biases can have both positive and negative effects but they tend to be more negative in nature.
Conscious bias refers to the attitudes and beliefs we have about a person or group on a conscious and deliberate level. We are aware of them. However, a lot of biases happen at an unconscious level. Unconscious bias refers to the biases we have of which we are not in conscious control. These biases occur automatically and are triggered by our brain making quick judgments and assessments of people and situations based on our background, cultural environment and our experiences.
We may also find there are lots of different attributes we judge people on. Some common examples include age, race, nationality, appearance, disability, religion, sexual orientation and education. Those factors can make us feel more or less favourable towards an individual or group of people.